In the fight against terrorism, Jimmy Leak â€™12 isnâ€™t a typical soldier. Instead of military training, he has a Ph.D. in educational policy & social context. And instead of drone strikes, he relies on poems and storybooks.
Leak works for Nuru International, a nonprofit founded by an ex-Marine who sees poverty and hopelessness as fertile soil for terrorists seeking new recruits. To counter that dynamic, Nuru collaborates with poor villagers in building long-term education, health and sustainable farming programs.
After testing its approach in Kenya and Ethiopia, the agency plans to expand to a more volatile nation (still to be chosen) later this year.
For Leak, a bespectacled North Carolina native who helps oversee Nuruâ€™s education efforts, itâ€™s been a sometimes topsy-turvy ride, replete with a bout of malaria, teacher strikes and the haunting sight of a Kenyan colleague laid out in a mortuary after a car crash.
Another drawback: â€śItâ€™s difficult to keep up friendships back home because of time zone differences and sporadic computer access,â€ť he says.
But the reward of improving impoverished childrenâ€™s lives makes it all worthwhile, he notes.
The adventure began nearly four years ago, after Leak graduated from UCI as part of the School of Educationâ€™s first Ph.D. cohort. The next day, he was on a plane to Kenya. His initial motivation was love: His then-fiancee was conducting dissertation research in the African nation, and Leak wanted to tag along. He discovered Nuru and signed on for a one-year gig.
The temporary job soon turned into something more â€“ a â€śwhirlwind three yearsâ€ť in which Leak increased the agencyâ€™s English literacy and teacher training programs in Kenya from nine schools to 17, reaching 5,500 youngsters, then ventured to the mountains of southern Ethiopia to launch a similar campaign.
The classroom materials are often primitive â€“ with students counting pebbles for math lessons and practicing writing with sticks in the dirt â€“ but that doesnâ€™t impede learning, he says.
â€śPeople in the education field often get caught up in technology,â€ť Leak says. â€śBut when you go into a school with no electricity, no books and dirt floors, you realize maybe the best option isnâ€™t giving every kid a laptop.â€ť
Still, technology does play a role. â€śPeople ask me if I use the skills I learned at UCI with Nuru,â€ť he says. â€śYes, every day.â€ť For instance, agency honchos are big on data analysis to track and modify their programs, so Leak set up a monitoring system like one from his Ph.D. days. He also quizzes former UCI classmates about the latest trends in teacher prep, student motivation and instructional methods that could be adapted by Nuru.
Once everything is fine-tuned, the agency team turns the reins over to local leaders and departs. Having passed the torch in Kenya, Leak is currently back in the U.S., guiding other Nuru education efforts.
For now, heâ€™s based in Rochester, New York, but the nonprofit may soon open a central office in Irvine because many of Nuruâ€™s top officers live in Orange County and because the agency recruits former military specialists from nearby San Diego to plan its security strategies in war-torn countries.
Twice a year, Leak visits Kenya and Ethiopia to make sure that Nuruâ€™s school projects remain on course. He carries fond memories of both nations. In 2013, for example, before he and his fiancee briefly returned to the U.S. to get married, they were feted by scores of Kenyan villagers at an elaborate ceremony that featured dancing, cake, processions, music and blessings from a local cleric.
The overall experience has been hugely transformational, Leak says. Working in the midst of dire poverty, â€śyou see whatâ€™s important and what isnâ€™t,â€ť he says. â€śMaterial possessions donâ€™t mean as much to me now, [partly because]I lived out of two suitcases for three years.â€ť