National Geographic, July 1, 2016
Remember the ozone hole? Now there’s proof it’s healing.
In 1974, Mario Molina and Sherwood Rowland, two chemists at the University of California, Irvine, published an article in Nature detailing the threats to the ozone layer from chlorofluorocarbon (CFC) gases. … The groundbreaking research − for which they were awarded the 1995 Nobel Prize in chemistry − concluded that the atmosphere only had a “finite capacity for absorbing chlorine” atoms in the stratosphere. After being widely attacked by the chemical industry, Molina and Rowland’s work was vindicated … in 1985, when a team of English scientists realized the dire implications of their findings: the CFCs in the atmosphere had created a hole in the ozone layer.
The Christian Science Monitor, June 30, 2016
This El Niño season could spark intense wildfires in Amazon
“When trees have less moisture to draw upon at the beginning of the dry season, they become more vulnerable to fire, and evaporate less water into the atmosphere,” explained UC Irvine scientist James Randerson, who was involved in building the forecast model. “This puts millions of trees under stress and lowers humidity across the region, allowing fires to grow bigger than they normally would.”
Orange County Business Journal, June 30, 2016
$3M, more mission for UCI Institute
University of California, Irvine’s Long Institute has received close to $3 million from the Long Family Foundation to expand interdisciplinary China research. The purpose is to broaden the focus of the institute, which has been renamed the UCI John S. and Marilyn Long U.S.−China Institute for Business, Law and Society.
The Wall Street Journal, July 1, 2016
Writing China: Xi Jinping, Pope Francis, and the imperfect analogy
In his forthcoming book, Eight Juxtapositions: China Through Imperfect Analogies from Mark Twain to Manchukuo, [UCI] Chancellor’s Professor of history Jeffrey Wasserstrom encourage[s] new ways of thinking about China with a set of abstract essays, and asks his reader to put any pre-existing notions of the country in a global and historical context. China Real Time asked Mr. Wasserstrom to discuss the Chinese stock market, the South China Sea and Donald Trump.
STAT, June 30, 2016
New ovarian cancer drugs raise hope – but not for all
Patients who aren’t treated at well-trafficked oncology centers tend to receive suboptimal treatment for this confounding cancer, researchers are showing. “It’ll get worse,” said Dr. Leslie Randall, an associate professor of gynecologic oncology at the University of California, Irvine. “As we come out with more novel treatments that are more complex to deliver, that disparity will only get worse.” … Another study from UC Irvine found that black women received substandard care and had lower survival rates than their peers.
Orange County Register, June 30, 2016
UCI researchers explore concussion risk in water polo
One of the researchers, James Hicks, director of UCI’s Exercise Medicine and Sport Sciences Initiative, said the popularity of water polo has grown rapidly, in part because of concerns about the safety of football and soccer. … “If we understand all the risk going on in water polo there might be some rules changes to make it safer or some equipment changes like helmets for goalies,” said Hicks ….
Science Friday, June 30, 2016
Who should your autonomous car save?
Last week in Science Friday’s Good Thing/Bad Thing segment, Ira talked about autonomous cars with Azim Shariff, an assistant professor of psychology and social behavior at UC Irvine. He’s one of the authors of a recent study in the journal Science about some of the moral issues surrounding the topic of autonomous vehicles, such as how people feel about letting their cars decide who lives or dies in the case of an accident.
Previously “In the News”