The coronavirus is forcing many colleges to go online only. But will it work for everyone?

A 2018 study — this time conducted at California community colleges — showed disadvantaged students were most likely to flounder in online courses, said Di Xu, an associate professor at University of California Irvine’s School of Education and a co-author of the original Columbia study. “Younger students, male students, minority groups, and academically underprepared students tend to struggle more in an online setting,” she said. … “Self-motivation is really critical to success,” Xu said. “If you don’t have those skills, you struggle.”